India's Contribution to World PeaceEver since independence, India has been following a steady foreign policy of neutrality to promote peace and harmony among the different power blocks of the world. She rightly felt that only peace in could accelerate the progress of the millions of downtrodden masses not only in India but in all the other developing countries also. Hence she has never supported aggresion, whether it was in Korea, the Middle East, Ghana, the Far East, Libya or in the South American countries. It has always been her firm faith that any dispute could be successfully solved by discussions across the table. Use of force could only serve to aggravate the situation.
Immediately after the Second World War, the world was divided into two distinct power blocks. During the Korean war, it was justly feared that the dispute was snowballing into a big international crisis, which might lead to another world war. Trouble was brewing up also in Indo-China, Ghana and in the Middle East. When all efforts to stop war failed, India agreed to send her army, not to fight, but to put an end to fighting. That India never supported aggression was amply proved by the stand she took during the Anglo-French military action during the Suez crisis. True to her non-aligned status India also protested against the Soviet military intervention in Poland, Hungary, and in Afganistan. She intervened in the Bangladesh war for purely humanitarian reasons, and even her recent action of sending the IPKF to Sri Lanka is an effort to act as an intermediary between the beleaguered local government and the Tamil minorities. Her action in the Maldives to abort the coup attempt against President Gayoom's regime has also won her kudos from the rest of the world. Thus, India's efforts have all along been to promote the cause of global peace.
India's assessment was that if big powers were allowed to decide all international issues, they would not hesitate to flex their political muscles to interfere into the internal affairs of smaller and weaker nations. She felt the need for a forum of developing countries, similar to her, to safeguard the interests of the Third World against the bullying of the superpowers. During the early fifties, India, Egypt and Jugoslavia worked together towards this end and thus started the "Non Aligned Movement" —an international forum whose member countries (chiefly developing countries) avowed to stick close to each other, to promote harmony and mutual cooperation, and to keep a constant vigil over the political ambitions of the superpowers.
India has always followed the Gandhian policy of eschewing violence. It is heartening to note that in spite of being a nuclear power, India has always sought to harness nuclear technology for the progress of science only and not to threaten unfriendly countries to submission. In fact, she has even offered to share her nuclear technology with any country for. peaceful purposes and for Industrial growth.
'SAARC is another organization that has come up with the Indian initiative, to ensure regional cooperation amongst the countries of South Asia—India, Pakistan, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Bhutan and Bangladesh. This was a bid to preempt concerted attempts by the superpowers to destabilize this strategically important region to further their own interests. SAARC has a pioneering role to play for the peace and prosperity of the neighbouring member countries.
Thus India has taken a lead in the third world countries to work for international cooperation and harmony. Her role has gained widespread acceptance and recognition all over. In the years to come, history would bear out her contribution to the cause of peace in the world.